Emergency Management & Homeland Security
Active Shooter Information

Active Shooter Printable Resources

Active Shooter Online Courses

FEMA's Active Shooter, What to Do Course

  • Describes the actions to take when confronted with an active shooter and to assist responding law enforcement officials;
  • Recognizes potential workplace violence indicators;
  • Describes actions to take to prevent and prepare for potential active shooter incidents; and
  • Describes how to manage the consequences of an active shooter incident. 


DHS’s Active Shooter Awareness 90-Minute Webinar

  • Helps the private and public sector understand the importance of developing an emergency response plan and the need to train employees on how to respond if confronted with an active shooter. The presentation describes the three types of active shooters--workplace/school, criminal, and ideological--and how their planning cycles and behaviors differ.


Active Shooter Response: Surviving an Active Shooter Event

Options to Consider during an Active Shooter



Additonal Department of Homeland Security Web Resources

The US Department of Homeland Security has a wide variety of resouces, at all levels, to education and prepare the public for active shooter situation. These resources are but not limited to:

  •     Active Shooter Resources for Law Enforcement and Trainers: The National Summit on Multiple casualty Shootings, Progress Report on the President’s     Executive Actions to Help Reduce Gun Violence, The Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) and Active Shooter Web Portal
  •     Active Shooter Training Provided by the Federal Law Enforcement Training Centers (FLETC)
  •     Active Shooter: What You Can Do Course
  •     Active Shooter Webinar
  •     Active Shooter Workshop Series
  •     Active Shooter: How to Respond Resource Materials
  •     Options for Consideration Active Shooter Preparedness Video
  •    Conducting Security Assessments: A Guide for Schools and Houses of Worship Webinar
  •    U.S. Secret Service (USSS) Active Shooter Related Research


These resources can be found at http://www.dhs.gov/active-shooter-preparedness


FBI: A Study of Active Shooter Incidents Between 2000 and 2013


To provide additional clarity on active shooter threats, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)

in 2014 initiated a study of “active shooter” incidents. The goal of the FBI study is to

provide federal, state, and local law enforcement with data so they can better understand

how to prevent, prepare for, respond to, and recover from these incidents.  

  • 160 Incidents occurred between 200 and 2013
  • Average of 11.4 incidents occurred annually with an increasing trend every year
  • 1,043 Causalities both killed and wounded
  • 486 were killed in 160 incidents
  • 557 were wounded in 160 incidents
  • All but six of the 160 incidents involved male shooters (only two involved more than one shooter)
  • More than half of the incidents—90 shootings—ended on the shooter’s initiative (i.e., suicide, fleeing), while 21 incidents ended after unarmed citizens successfully restrained the shooter
  • Active shooter incidents are becoming more frequent—the first seven years of the study show an average of 6.4 incidents annually, while the last seven years show 16.4 incidents annually 

This study can be found

at https://www.fbi.gov/news/stories/2014/september/fbi-releases-study-on-active-shooter-incidents/pdfs/a-study-of-active-shooter-incidents-in-the-u.s.-between-2000-and-2013


Advanced Law Enforcement Rapid Response Training (ALERRT)



  • Standard for active shooting response, ensuring law enforcement officers arriving on the scene understand how others are trained to respond.
  • Approximately 125 FBI tactical instructors from around the country were trained in the ALERRT protocols after attending its 40 hour train-the trainer course and are using what they learned to assist with the increased demand for the training by state, local, tribal, and campus law enforcement agencies
  • To date, more than 64,000 police chiefs, sheriffs, and law enforcement executives from state, local, tribal, and campus law enforcement have participated in these conferences, which will be held on an ongoing basis to ensure that the law enforcement community is prepared for future threats.



Active Shooter How To Respond


Profile of an active shooter:

·       Individual actively engaged in killing or attempting to kill in a confined and populated area

·       No pattern or method in victim selection

·       Active shooter situations are unpredictable and evolve quickly

·       Active shooter situations are often over within 10 to 15 minutes

Active shooter situation tips:

·       Be aware of your environment and any possible dangers

·       Take note of the two nearest exits in any facility you visit

·       If you are in an office, stay there and secure the door

·       If you are in a hallway, get into a room and secure the door

·       As a last resort, attempt to take the active shooter down.


How to respond when an active shooter is in your vicinity:


·       Have an escape route planned

·       Leave belonging behind

·       Help others if possible

·       Call 911 when safe    


·       If evacuation is not possible

·       Be out of the shooter’s view

·       Don’t trap yourself or restrict options for movement

·       If evacuation or hiding is not possible, remain calm

·       If you cannot speak, leave the 911 line open and allow the dispatcher to listen


·       As a last resort when your life is in imminent danger

·       Throwing items and improvising weapons

·       Committing to your actions



Responding when law enforcement arrives:

·       Officers usually arrive in teams of four

·       Officers may use pepper spray or tear gas to control the situation

·       Officers may shout commands and push individuals to the ground for their safety

·       Remain calm and follow officer instructions

·       Immediately raise hands and spread fingers

·       Avoid making quick movements towards officers

·       Do not stop when evacuating

Information to provide law enforcement or 911 operator:

·       Location of the active shooter

·       Number of shooters, if more than one

·       Physical description of shooter/s

·       Number and type of weapons held by the shooter/s

·       Number of potential victims at the location



Training staff for an active shooter situation:

Create an Emergency Action Plan (EAP)

·       Conduct training exercises – law enforcement is an excellent resource in designing exercises

·       A preferred method for reporting fires and other emergencies

·       An evacuation policy and procedure

·       Emergency escape procedures and route assignments (i.e., floor plans, safe areas)

·       Contact information for, and responsibilities of individuals to be contacted under the EAP

·       Information concerning local area hospitals (i.e., name, telephone number, and distance from your location)

·       An emergency notification system to alert various parties of an emergency including



Additional ways to prepare and prevent an active shooter situation:

·       Preparedness

o   Ensure that your facility has at least two evacuation routes

o   Post evacuation routes in conspicuous locations throughout your facility

o   Include local law enforcement and first responders during training exercises

o   Encourage law enforcement, emergency responders, SWAT teams, K-9 teams, and bomb squads to train for an active shooter scenario at your location

·       Prevention

o   Foster a respectful workplace

o   Be aware of workplace violence and take remedial actions accordingly



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